Did you know?

  • Hazardous and Noxious Substances (HNS) are defined by the OPRC-HNS protocol as any substance other than oil which, if introduced into the marine environment is likely to create hazards to human health, to harm living resources and marine life, to damage amenities or to interfere with other legitimate uses of the sea.
  • More than 2,000 types of HNS are regularly transported by sea.
  • The transportation of chemicals has grown considerably in the recent years (IMO estimated over 200 Million tonnes traded annually by tankers);
  • Around 100 incidents involving HNS happened in European waters between 1987 and 2006 (EMSA); around the world, ship-source HNS incidents over 10m3 reached the number of 126 in the period from 1998 to 2013 (Cedre)
  • Due to the great complexity and variety of chemicals transported by sea (their behaviour, toxicity, etc.), HNS preparedness and response is less well defined than that for oil spills.


Continuing with the work started in ARCOPOL projects, now MARINER project focuses on improving planning, preparedness and response to HNS spills in Europe by:

  • Capitalizing and translating relevant HNS R & D outcomes into operational resources applicable by planners and responders;
  • Improving training and exercise capabilities;
  • Upgrading and/or improving tools to support decision making and response;
  • Increasing awareness and encouraging information exchange.


Knowledge compilation and facilitation
The aim of this task is to identify and compile existing HNS preparedness and response knowledge generated by EU funded public research as well as other existing resources and make them easy available to end users.


Main results:

  • Online user-friendly knowledge tool gathering relevant information on HNS preparedness and response.
  • Transfer actions to assist end users on the implementation of selected knowledge/tools into their operational procedures.


Modelling and environmental impact
Under this task partners focus on two actions. On the one hand, partners are working to improve the operational use of tools for modelling HNS transport, behaviour and biological impact, and on the other hand they are defining protocols and guidelines for environmental impact assessment of HNS spills.


Main results:

  • Upgraded HNS spill model integrated into a Common Operating Picture.
  • Cross border guidelines for HNS environmental impact assessment.


Response protocols
The aim of this task is to improve the response-at-sea protocols making the most of the available knowledge for responding to chemical spills in other environments (e.g. expertise from chemical industry, civil protection, and fire crews working on-land, inland waters, etc.).


Main results:

  • HNS response protocols.
  • 4 exercises to test the protocols.
  • 1 Video on training.


This task aims to provide tools that help to reinforce the training and exercising of responders. On this regard, MARINER partners are:

  • Developing and trialling an innovative training and exercise process and bespoke software tool aimed at shoreline maritime HNS incident preparedness for public health protection.
  • Applying and incorporating EU and international cross-border preparedness protocols within exercise scenarios.
  • Developing training materials packages and delivery of courses addressed to cover key issues of HNS preparedness and response.

Main results:

  • Web based database exercise tool, as well as E-learning materials on exercises and risk assessment to assist users on the functioning of the tool.
  • Training package on HNS spill management.
  • Training package on HNS modelling. 


The project partnership involves organisations from 4 countries: United Kingdom, France, Portugal and Spain. This geographical coverage assures a transnational exchange of knowledge and good practices and that a wide geographical area will benefit from the outputs of the project, which in addition will be fully transferable to other regions. Furthermore, MARINER is being supported by an Advisory Body comprising key authorities and experts from the participating countries.


    Centro Tecnológico del Mar - Fundación CETMAR

    CETMAR is the coordinator of MARINER project.

    CETMAR is a non-profit public foundation that aims to promote a sustainable development of marine environment & resources and to foster links and cooperation between R&D agents, the maritime-fishing industry and other major stakeholders. Control and Management of the Marine Environment and Resources area: Aimed at the protection, regeneration and improvement of the management of the marine environment and resources. Its basic lines of action are prevention, response and abatement of marine contamination of natural or anthropogenic origin and the development of studies on the state of the environment and its resources, besides other actions aimed at minimising the environmental impact of fishing and aquiculture.

    Postal address: C/ Eduardo Cabello, S/N, Vigo. 36208 Pontevedra - Spain.

    Contact: Marisa Fernández , mfernandez@cetmar.org

    Website: www.cetmar.org


    Instituto Tecnolóxico para o control do medio mariño de Galicia

    INTECMAR is in charge of the quality control, monitoring and research on shellfish growing areas. The contingency plan for marine pollution incidents of Galicia includes INTECMAR as one of the official centres for advising.

    Postal address: C/ Peirao de Vilaxoán, S/N, Vilagarcía de Arousa, 36611 Pontevedra - Spain.

    Contact: Garbiñe Ayensa , gayensa@intecmar.gal

    Website: www.intecmar.gal


    Universidade de Vigo

    Apart from carrying out research in ecology and evolution of species interactions (especially in pollination biology, seed dispersal and biological invasions), the Group of Plant Ecology and Evolution in the University of Vigo 
     is also interested in scientific divulgation through innovative technologies. It has achieved international awards in Scientist Film Festivals. This activity ranges from the creation of websites specialized in E-learning that combine teaching units, with quiz games, or test, to Flash animations or 3D video.

    Postal address: Departamento Biología Vegetal. Facultad de Ciencias. Universidad de Vigo. As Lagoas, Marcosende, Vigo. 36310 Pontevedra - Spain.

    Contact: Luis Navarro , lnavarro@uvigo.es

    Website: www.uvigo.es

  • Action Modulers

    Action Modulers

    Action Modulers is a private consulting company, composed by two units:

    • Research and Development: numerical modelling, development of technological solutions and applied training;
    • Protection and Safety: protection and security consulting, planning and security auditing. 

    Action Modulers emerged in early 2004 with the mission of providing high quality consulting services. Through a strong connection to the university environment, the company continuously participates in scientific and technological development reaching a high level of skills.

    Postal address: Estrada Principal, nº29 r/c Paz. 2640-583 Mafra - Portugal.

    Contact: Rodrigo Fernandes , geral@actionmodulers.com

    Website: www.actionmodulers.com


    Centro interdisciplinar de Investigação Marinha e Ambiental

    The CIIMAR is a research and advanced training institution of the University of Porto. Its mission is to develop high-quality research, promote technological development and support public policies in the area of Marine and Environmental Sciences.

    Postal address: Rua dos Bragas 289, 4050 123 Porto - Portugal.

    Contact: Miguel Santos , santos@ciimar.up.pt

    Website: www.ciimar.up.pt

  • Public Health England

    Public Health England

     The Centre for Radiation, Chemicals and Environmental Hazards (CRCE) is a specialist resource of the Public Health England. It provides advice, research and services to protect the public from hazards resulting from exposure to chemicals and radiation.
    CRCE (Wales) is part of the UK’s emergency planning and preparedness structure for chemical incidents, and provides advice and support to government, emergency services, local authorities and health professionals on the acute and chronic health effects of environmental chemicals.

    Postal address: CRCE Wales Unit, UWIC, Western Avenue, Llandaff. CF5 2YB. Cardiff. Wales - UK.

    Contact: Paul Harold , Paul.Harold@PHE.gov.uk

    Website: www.gov.uk


    Centre of Documentation, Research and Experimentation on Accidental Water Pollution

    Cedre is a not-for-profit association created on 25th January 1979, as part of the measures taken in the aftermath of the Amoco Cadiz oil spill. It is charged with providing advice and expertise to the authorities responsible for spill response.
    It is competent both for marine waters and inland surface waters. Cedre is constantly gaining expertise and developing tools to fulfil its various duties. Cedre's advice and expertise can also be provided to foreign authorities or private companies.

    Postal address: Postal address: 715, rue Alain Colas - CS 41836 - 29218 BREST CEDEX 2 - France.

    Contact: Arnaud Guéna , arnaud.guena@cedre.fr

    Website: www.cedre.fr


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